What are the Nutrition and about nutrition facts label

Nutrition is the biological process in which animal and plant organisms absorb nutrients necessary for life from food.

Nutrition is important because it is essential for the functioning and maintenance of the vital functions of living beings, it helps maintain the homeostatic balance of the organism, both in macro systemic processes, such as digestion or metabolism.

It also allows molecular processes (amino acids, enzymes, vitamins, minerals), which are physiological and biochemical processes, in which energy (calories) is consumed and spent.

Likewise, human nutrition is the science that investigates the relationship between food consumed by man and health (diseases), to seek the well-being and preservation of human health.

Good nutrition prevents many chronic diseases and is related to a healthy lifestyle.

Many health problems can be prevented through a healthy diet or diet, which follows the appropriate proportions of each food.

The six kinds of nutrients that the body needs daily are water, vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

The nutrition professional is the nutritionist or dietitian, who specializes in human nutrition and has specialized studies on the subject. It is your responsibility to plan meals, develop menus and manage people’s food and nutrition programs.

Nutritional value of food

The nutritional value of food is related to the energy content of nutrients. It is always referred to for an amount of 100 grams or 100 ml of the food.

Nutrients are primarily carbohydrates, proteins, fats, fiber, vitamins and minerals.

We talk about high nutrient density when there is a large number of nutrients in a portion of food and consequently we say that it is more nutritious.

Healthy food

Proper nutrition will provide you with a better physical condition, better appearance, cardiovascular health and protection against infections.

Facts about food nutrition

Nutritional value – healthy foods

You should eat these foods in sufficient quantity to cover your daily nutritional needs.

The nutrients for a healthy diet can be easily obtained in the supermarket.

It is about buying foods rich in vitamins, minerals and other trace elements in sufficient quantities that will make it essential that you should also take dietary or vitamin supplements. And in case of doubt, consult its label.


Skinless chicken breast, turkey breast, eggs, fresh or canned tuna, wild salmon (rich in vitamin D ), cottage cheese, tofu, soybeans, legumes.
Vegetables – Vegetable Diet


Green leafy vegetables, cucumber, zucchini, cauliflower, kale, fennel, cabbage, broccoli, asparagus, green beans, leeks, radishes, artichokes, spinach, tomatoes.

Complex carbohydrates

Oatmeal, brown rice, quinoa, whole-wheat pasta, and bread.

Healthy fats

Avocado, nuts, olive oil, coconut oil, butter.


lemon and orange, red fruits, apple.


water, coffee, green tea.


vinegar, cinnamon, stevia, mustard, chili, oregano, turmeric.


Honey, chocolate with more than 70% cocoa.

In conclusion, mainly consumes organic foods and avoids the consumption of processed products, saturated fats, simple sugars and carbohydrates, and soft drinks. And also the salt in excess.

Finally, do not forget your physical form: exercise daily, or at least 5 days a week, such as walking between 5,000 and 10,000 steps daily.

And also, to the best of your ability, a regular sleep schedule. It will improve your quality of life.

Nutrition is one of the important pillars of health and development. Improving nutrition involves promoting the health of mothers, infants, and young children; strengthen our immune system; reduce complications during pregnancy and childbirth; reduce the risk of noncommunicable diseases (such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases), and prolong life.

Healthy children learn best. Healthy people are the stronger, more productive and better able to break the cycle of poverty and hunger and to develop their full potential.

Malnutrition, in any form, carries considerable risks to human health. Today, the world is facing a double burden of malnutrition that includes both malnutrition and overfeeding and overweight, especially in middle-income and low-income countries.

WHO provides scientific advice and useful tools to make decisions that can help countries combat all forms of malnutrition and promote the health and well-being of all, of all age.

Malnutrition increases morbidity and premature deaths of mothers and children.

malnutrition, which includes the lack of vitamins and minerals, contributes one-third of child death in the world

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About Nutrition Facts Label

The nutrition label tells about what is in the food that you are taking. It determines if you have a healthy and balanced diet.

Each packaged or processed product must have a label. Some restaurants also have nutritional information available.

The label includes the amounts in the areas under. They are mentioned per serving and as a percentage.

following is an example of what appears on the nutrition label:

  • calories
  • total fat
  • Saturated fats
  • Trans fat
  • cholesterol
  • sodium (salt)
  • Total carbohydrates
  • Dietary fiber
  • sugars
  • protein
  • vitamins and minerals.
  • Road to better health

The portion size is the first data indicated on the label. This is the amount of food which usually consumed at once. The size is in a basic household measure, such as pieces, cups or ounces. For example, one serving may consist of 7 french fries or a cup of cereal.

Serving size of food is an important factor in your diet. You should compare the amount of food you normally eat with the portion indicated on the label. Large portions can lead to weight gain.

The larger the portions, the more calories you consume. For example, the label can detail a portion of 7 french fries. If you eat 14 french fries, you are consuming double the number of calories and nutrients.

The label provides a column of percentages called the percentage of the daily value. It compares the amount of the nutrient found in a portion of the food with the amount of the nutrient that should be consumed in a day.

The percentages are depended on a daily diet is 2,000 calories. You should adjust the amounts if you eat more or less than 2,000 calories per day.

Each has different caloric needs. They depend on your sex, age and also the level of activity.

Usually, we get our regular calories from what we drink and eat. A healthy person should consume nutrients from the main five groups of foods. Saturated and trans fats are not healthy.

You should only eat them in small quantities. A portion with 5% or less of the daily value has low content. A portion with 20% or more of the daily value has a high content.

Aspects to consider nutritional facts about food

Not all nutrients, or ingredients, listed on the label are the same. Some are good and should eat more. These include:


Fiber helps the body digest the food it consumes. It can also help reduce the risk of diabetes and heart disease.

The food is rich in fiber if it contains 5 grams or more per serving.

Men of 50 years of age or younger should eat a minimum of 38 grams of fiber a day. Women of 50 years of age or below should consume at least 25 grams of fiber per day.

Fruits, vegetables and whole grains are the sources of fiber. Look for the”whole grain” on the package and in the list of ingredients.

Vitamins and minerals

The main types are, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium and iron. Vitamin D and potassium are also important. speak to your doctor about what vitamins and minerals you need and how much.

Other nutrients are bad and should be eaten in less quantity. These include:

Saturated Fats

This type of fat can increase the disease of high cholesterol. The average age adult should consume less than 20 grams of saturated fat per day.
Trans fat.

This type of fat also increases the risk of heart disease. Ideally, you should consume 0 grams of trans fat per day. Keep in mind that companies may indicate 0 grams if it contains less than 0.5 grams of trans fat per serving.

This means that foods can have trans fat even if the nutrition label says 0. Check the ingredient list to check if the product has trans fat. This includes any hydrogenated vegetable oil. Trans fats are often found in baked goods, fried foods, snacks.


You should take less than 300 milligrams of cholesterol per day. If you have heart disease, propose to consume less than 200 milligrams per day.

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I’m a writer, new mom and foodie. I love sharing what I know while making others feel beautiful. On this blog, I share my healthy lifestyle, simple meals, fitness tips and experiences.

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